Flamenco Dictionary Terms: F - J

Flamenco Dictionary Terms: F - J

Terms:     A - E     F - J     L - P     R - Z



Falda – skirt.


Falseta – melodic progression by a guitarist.


Fandango – the origins of Fandango have long been under dispute: differing opinions trace the style to Andalucia, Aragon, or the Canary Islands, while some include West Indian, Latin American and Moorish influences.  The style is also important in traditional Spanish and Portuguese dance and has been included in many classical compositions.  Over the years many sub styles have developed. For example there are fandangos typical of Huelva and Malaga (the latter style known as verdiales).  New versions have also emerged, such as Fandanguillos, or little fandangos, which are an upbeat style of fandango.


Farruca – farruca likely has its origins in the northern province of Galicia where it developed from traditional Christmas songs known as villancicos.  This style of flamenco also carries influences of Celtic folk music, typical of the region of Galicia, while others have noted connections to Fado, a traditional form of Portuguese music and song.  Other similarities include the Zambra style of flamenco which is typical in Granada.  Both Farruca and Zambra share similar rhythms.


Flamenco rumba – flamenco rumba originated in Spain by incorporating some of the rhythmic styles of the Afro-Cuban rumba.  The percussion in flamenco rumba is generally with more traditional Spanish methods such as castanets, clapping and more recently with the addition of the cajón.  Flamenco Rumba has proven to be a popular export, enjoying success in other parts of the world such as Latin America, the United States and France.



Gitana / Gitano – Gypsy


Golpe – the tapping a flamenco guitarist will use to create percussion and rhythm


Guajira – Cuban influenced version of flamenco, the original guajira was brought back to Spain in the 16th century.  This upbeat style of flamenco requires a gifted solo guitarist.


Guitarra – guitar



Jondo – deep form of singing


Juerga – party or fiesta


Jaleo – Shouts and expressions of encouragement